Brightfield Group recently conducted a survey in conjunction with HelloMD, the leading digital health platform in the cannabis industry, in order to gain more insights about the preferences of CBD consumers. In addition to researching CBD consumers’ behaviors, likes and dislikes, the study compared CBD’s effectiveness to that of common over-the-counter and pharmaceutical products, as well as uncovering important insights on the effectiveness of CBD derived from hemp versus that derived from marijuana.

Note that the federal definition of hemp requires that it contain less than 0.3% delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the euphorigenic component of cannabis. And while the terms “cannabis” and “marijuana” are often used interchangeably, the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 specifically excluded the mature stalks of the cannabis plant used in industrial applications — essentially hemp — from its definition of marijuana.
I live in Colorado where we are ever so slightly more free than many of the other states, and so we can buy CBD products without having to look out for the cops. I have anterior rotation of my hips, and recently 'put out my back'... the chiropractor has been doing decompression therapy on me to help with the rotation, but this causes even more back pain (gets worse before it gets better sort of thing)... he asked me if he could try some cream on me, and explained what it was. The brand is "CBD Clinic - Pro Sport level 5" I had been in pain for weeks. he put the cream on my back, and gave me a sample packet to put on before bed. I woke up in the morning pain free! The trouble is that it costs $80 for only 44 grams (!!!) no, that's not a type-o.
The extract known as CBD oil sold in the U.S. falls into one of two categories. Crystalline isolate exclusively contains CBD, as other cannabinoids have been removed; full spectrum oil, on the other hand, retains THC and other cannabinoids, and is only sold in states where marijuana use has been legalized. CBD oil can be consumed several different ways, including ingested capsules and food products, vaporizing, tinctures, and topical creams. The soporific effects of CBD oil are linked to its concentration; low-concentration oils will produce minimal effects, while high-concentration oils will produce strong effects.
Mental health is a socially constructed and socially defined concept; that is, different societies, groups, cultures, institutions and professions have very different ways of conceptualizing its nature and causes, determining what is mentally healthy, and deciding what interventions, if any, are appropriate.[43] Thus, different professionals will have different cultural, class, political and religious backgrounds, which will impact the methodology applied during treatment.
There’s little in the way of evidence to suggest that either cannabis or hemp oil benefits most cancer patients. An early-stage trial we supported testing a drug called Sativex (made from cannabis extract) combined with temozolomide showed that it helped patients with brain tumours that had come back live longer. We’ll need to wait for further, larger trials to be certain of its benefits, and we don’t know if it will help people with other types of cancer.
In order to remove unwanted elements such as fats or waxes, CBD oil is subjected to a process called ‘Winterization’. Refined cannabidiol oil is stirred with alcohol and deep-frozen overnight.  A Butcher funnel or a piece of paper is then used to filter the fats out. Finally, the extracted oil is heated to the boiling point of alcohol so the alcohol evaporates.
As the industry continues to grow, Jones explained that more platforms and websites are popping up, like CBD Oil Review and even Consumer Reports, to help consumers vet these new products. “Even if someone has beautiful packaging and branding, you still have to make sure you are aligning with a partner that can substantiate the claims they are making in the space,” she said. “Someone might have a really big name or be a burgeoning brand but still might not be the right fit, and you don’t want to burn your existing customers.”
^ Jump up to: a b Sarris J, Logan AC, Akbaraly TN, Amminger GP, Balanzá-Martínez V, Freeman MP, Hibbeln J, Matsuoka Y, Mischoulon D, Mizoue T, Nanri A, Nishi D, Ramsey D, Rucklidge JJ, Sanchez-Villegas A, Scholey A, Su KP, Jacka FN; International Society for Nutritional Psychiatry Research (March 2015). "Nutritional medicine as mainstream in psychiatry". Lancet Psychiatry (Review). 2 (3): 271–4. doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(14)00051-0. PMID 26359904.
While only 9 states currently have legalized recreational marijuana, as an industry weed has had a huge year of growth. This is in large part due to the increasing popularity of products that contain CBD in them. CBD, short for cannabidiol, is one of the hundreds of compounds found in the cannabis plant, and the potential it has shown in helping with pain, seizures and anxiety have made it a natural fit for medical and recreational weed alike.
^ Hayakawa K, Mishima K, Hazekawa M, Sano K, Irie K, Orito K, Egawa T, Kitamura Y, Uchida N, Nishimura R, Egashira N, Iwasaki K, Fujiwara M (January 2008). "Cannabidiol potentiates pharmacological effects of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol via CB(1) receptor-dependent mechanism". Brain Research. 1188: 157–64. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2007.09.090. PMID 18021759.
It was actually a bad bout of jet lag after a trip to California that inspired me to finally test out the CBD oil (I'll admit that my weed-based reservations kept me from trying it for the first few months). Knowing that the oil had also helped people with sleep issues, I squeezed one full dropper of the Everyday Plus oil onto my tongue, per the instructions, and waited.

We’re proud to announce that our RSHO-Gold™, also known as Pure-Gold™  will be the first CBD listed in the Prescribers’ Digital Reference (PDR)! View our listing here and read the whole story on this history making moment:  https://www.benzinga.com/markets/cannabis/19/02/13153490/scoop-one-of-americas-top-pharmaceutical-drug-directories-includes-c Recommended Posts Don’t Miss HempMeds® at This......
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a compound derived from cannabis (a hemp plant also known as marijuana). However, unlike other compounds found in cannabis, such as THC, cannabidiol is not believed to be a psychoactive compound affecting perception, and behavior. Preliminary evidence suggests CBD may modestly reduce anxiety, certain measures of dystonia (a movement disorder), and glaucoma (Health Canada 2013).

The legality of CBD in the US varies from state to state, but at the federal level, CBD is mysteriously classified as a Schedule I drug despite its sourcing. According to the federal government, Schedule I drugs are substances or chemicals with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. Other Schedule I drugs include heroin, LSD, marijuana, and ecstasy. However, CBD can be purchased as a dietary supplement throughout the country despite the FDA’s official stance that CBD isn’t a supplement. The landscape of CBD legality in the US is exactly as confusing as it reads; that squirrely, perplexing itch at the back of your brain is cognitive dissonance, and it’s an entirely normal reaction.
Mental health social workers in Japan have professional knowledge of health and welfare and skills essential for person's well-being. Their social work training enables them as a professional to carry out Consultation assistance for mental disabilities and their social reintegration; Consultation regarding the rehabilitation of the victims; Advice and guidance for post-discharge residence and re-employment after hospitalized care, for major life events in regular life, money and self-management and in other relevant matters in order to equip them to adapt in daily life. Social workers provide individual home visits for mentally ill and do welfare services available, with specialized training a range of procedural services are coordinated for home, workplace and school. In an administrative relationship, Psychiatric social workers provides consultation, leadership, conflict management and work direction. Psychiatric social workers who provides assessment and psychosocial interventions function as a clinician, counselor and municipal staff of the health centers.[87]
BUYHEMPCBDOIL offer a HUGE selection of major brands, are one of the biggest and oldest CBD shops online and one of our favorite stores. Featuring many cutting edge products for sale, including new CBD hemp oil vape pens, CBD vape oil and super high concentrate CBD Dabs! Charlotte's Web Botanicals, Mary's Nutritionals, RSHO, Tasty Hemp Oil, PlusCBD, Hempotion, Hemp Remedies, Highland Pharms ....find them all here! 
Today there is much contention surrounding the issue of CBD hemp oil’s effectiveness. Arguments against hemp-derived CBD contend that extraction methods and additional ingredients can be cause for concern. Hemp stalks have a much lower concentration of cannabinoids, meaning a larger amount of the plant has to be processed to extract CBD, raising the risk of contaminants being accumulated from the soil. Additionally, advocates of marijuana-derived CBD argue that CBD is most effective in conjunction with other cannabinoids (most typically THC) present in whole-plant varieties—a phenomenon known as the ‘entourage effect’.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a compound derived from cannabis (a hemp plant also known as marijuana). However, unlike other compounds found in cannabis, such as THC, cannabidiol is not believed to be a psychoactive compound affecting perception, and behavior. Preliminary evidence suggests CBD may modestly reduce anxiety, certain measures of dystonia (a movement disorder), and glaucoma (Health Canada 2013).
A wide variety of solvents can be used for extraction, such as chloroform, dichloromethane, petroleum ether, naphtha, benzene, butane, methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, and olive oil.[2][9] Currently, resinoids are often obtained by extraction with supercritical carbon dioxide. The alcohols extract undesirable water-soluble substances such as chlorophylls and sugars (which can be removed later by washing with water). Non-polar solvents such as benzene, chloroform and petroleum ether will not extract the water-soluble constituents of marijuana or hashish while still producing hash oil. In general, non-polar cannabis extracts taste much better than polar extracts. Alkali washing further improves the odor and taste.

A few lawsuits against large carriers such as Health Care Service Corp. resulted in settlements in which the insurers agreed to revise their coverage policies on residential treatment and other behavioral healthcare services. In addition, there are other pending suits alleging unlawful coverage and reimbursement policies for behavioral healthcare against United, Blue Shield of California, Aetna and Cigna.
And the products on the shelf aren't all the same, Ward said. "There can be many, many different varieties, and if you're thinking about doing this for medical reasons, you want to find a trusted source and do your research," she said. "Where does that oil come from, and how confident can you be that you know the exact percentages of the different cannabinoids in the product?"

World War II saw the development in the U.S. of a new psychiatric manual for categorizing mental disorders, which along with existing systems for collecting census and hospital statistics led to the first Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) also developed a section on mental disorders. The term stress, having emerged from endocrinology work in the 1930s, was increasingly applied to mental disorders.
If you’re looking into CBD oil for sale, our NEW high potency full spectrum CBD oil is exactly what your body ordered. This hemp oil comes more dominant and stronger than our regular CBD oil online products and provides even faster relief. This high volume boost of potency is available in 500 mg and 1000 mg of cannabinoids, and you will quickly realize why sometimes less is more. Supply your overall mental and physical health with a CBD upgrade. This CBD oil is the same great quality you have come to expect from Kats Botanicals, but with an extra kick. Our high potency full spectrum hemp oil is made with pesticide free, non-GMO industrial hemp oil, extracted from the mature stalks and stems of the hemp plant.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring compound found in the resinous flower of cannabis, a plant with a rich history as a medicine going back thousands of years. Today the therapeutic properties of CBD are being tested and confirmed by scientists and doctors around the world. A safe, non-addictive substance, CBD is one of more than a hundred “phytocannabinoids,” which are unique to cannabis and endow the plant with its robust therapeutic profile.
[NOTE: In February 2018, ConsumerLab.com published its Review of CBD and Hemp Oils and Pills, providing tests, comparisons, and reviews of popular CBD-containing supplements, such as oils and capsules, for people and pets, and updated information about CBD. CL also tested hempseed oils as part of its review of seed oil supplements as sources of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.]
Despite the many states that have legalized some or all forms of marijuana, federally the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) continues to classify CBD as a Schedule I drug. Schedule I drugs are defined by the DEA as "drugs with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse." This is how not just CBD, but the entire cannabis plant is classified.
In a small study published in the journal JCI Insight in 2017, researchers observed that CBD may help prevent stress-related changes in blood pressure. For the study, nine healthy male volunteers took a single dose of either CBD or placebo. Compared to those given the placebo, those treated with CBD had lower blood pressure both before and after experiencing a stressful event.
Irie Hemp Company are sourcing their base extract from whole plant organic Oregon grown, full spectrum high CBD hemp varietals grown specifically for CBD extraction. The farm they are sourcing from in Oregon, is growing hemp under the Oregon Department of Agriculture hemp program and this hemp is being grown SPECIFICALLY for high CBD concentrations. The resultant whole plant extract is a blend of the buds and leaves of the hemp plant, rich in natural phytocannabinoids and terpenes.
Furthermore, THC and CBD oils also differ in the nature and effect of their Cannabinoid content. Cannabinoids typically bind to receptor sites located in the brain, called CB-1, and various parts of the human body called CB-2. But different cannabinoids produce different effects depending on which type of receptor they bind to. THC mostly binds to receptors in the brain, but CBD unlocks the receptors scattered throughout the body, making it far more useful for healing properties.

CBD has proven neuroprotective effects and its anti-cancer properties are being investigated at several academic research centers in the United States and elsewhere. A 2010 brain cancer study by California scientists found that CBD “enhances the inhibitory effects of THC on human glioblastoma cell proliferation and survival.” This means that CBD makes THC even more potent as an anticancer substance. Also in 2010, German researchers reported that CBD stimulates neurogenesis, the growth of new brain cells, in adult mammals.
While marijuana – including CBD (cannabidiol) oil products made from marijuana – must comply with seed-to-sale state laws that make these products illegal to transport across state lines, hemp – whether hemp oil, hemp nuts or hemp supplement oils that are highly concentrated with CBD- is perfectly legal for use throughout the United States, as long as the hemp is imported from an international source. (Hemp oil grown in the United States is subject to the same seed-to-sale state laws that apply to marijuana.)
Colored impurities from the oil can be removed by adding activated charcoal to about one third to one half the weight or volume of the solvent containing the dissolved oil, mixing well, filtering, and evaporating the solvent.[2] When decolorizing fatty oils, oil retention can be up to 50 wt % on bleaching earths and nearly 100 wt % on activated charcoal.[20]
CBD is an abbreviation for cannabidiol which is a chemical compound found naturally in the cannabis plant. It contains untraceable amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive element in marijuana which means CBD will NOT get you “high.” In addition, you will not fail any drug tests since these tests do not detect such low levels of THC. Over the past four decades, there have been numerous studies conducted that highlight the potential benefits of CBD. 

As discussed above, the DEA has said that products containg CBD from agrcultural hemp are not controlled substances, but that does not make make it legal to sell CBD as a (dietary) supplement, as the FDA has said that CBD is a drug and, not a supplement. Medical use of CBD is legal in many, but not all, states, as noted above, but the products cannot necessarily be legally sold in those same states. Hope that helps a bit. It is tricky and evolving area.
CBD is a safe, long-term aid which is why it has gained such momentum and why our customers are turning to it for relief. CBD, scientifically known as cannabidiol, is a non-psychoactive, natural compound found in the hemp plant. When it interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system, CBD provides powerful health benefits without the side effects of conventional drugs. The CBD utilized in our tinctures is extracted from industrial hemp cultivated in the United States. To further ensure quality and purity, our industrial hemp goes through a supercritical CO2 extraction process to obtain the best possible CBD solution. This solution is then formulated by our board-certified pharmacists into finished products and sent out for third-party testing. Our CBD oil is made with high-quality CBD extracted from natural hemp that is abundant in naturally produced terpenes, oils, vitamins, omega fatty acids, and other components.
There are two possible exceptions to this. The first is that some people, for unknown reasons, just react differently to CBD. According to Dr. Chin, about 5% of people say they feel altered after taking CBD. "Usually they're the same people who have side effects from Advil or Tylenol," she says. You never know how your body will react to any new supplement, so when taking CBD for the first time, do so safely under supervision.
The cannabinoids found in plants and cannabis are called phytocannibinoids. Of the 113 cannabinoids, the best known are THC. THC is famous and comes from marijuana. It is well known for it’s psychotropic properties and altered states of consciousness, it has also been credited for it’s interaction with the endocannabinoid system and is effective at treating glaucoma, PTSD and asthma. Hemp is the humble, less-known cousin of marijuana and recently another cannabinoid has been grabbling a lot of attention. CBD, whose psychotropic properties are nearly non-existent and whose benefits on the body is quite impressive. CBD has raised public awareness of both CBD and the medicinal properties of cannabis. The discovery of receptors in the brain that responds to cannabis and the identification of endogenous cannabinoid compounds in our own bodies that bind to these receptors is advancing our understanding of human biology, health and disease.

Reflecting the next morning, I was most surprised by the fact that I never felt "high" in any way—there was never a moment of It's kicking in; I can feel it now like with pain medications or even anti-anxiety drugs. Considering it takes time, consistency, and the right dosage to experience the full effect, I continued taking the oil once a day for the next six days. Here's what went down.
The vast majority of CBD oils come in bottles measuring either 15 milliliters (mL), or 0.5 ounces; or 30 mL, or 1 ounce. However, CBD concentration is more important than bottle size. Concentration refers to the ratio of hemp oil solution (measured in mL) compared to the amount of CBD cannabinoid (measured in milligrams, or mg). A 15-mL bottle may contain 100 mg of CBD, 300 mg, 500 mg, or more. The higher the mg amount, the stronger the CBD oil will be. For this reason, the ‘mg’ measurement is also referred to as the oil’s strength; i.e., 400-mg oil might be called 400-strength oil.

Yes, our premium hemp oil drops can assist with pain and anxiety. Well I would recommend reading the reviews on our premium hemp oil drops and deciding that for yourself. The best test I have to offer you, is to buy a product, and then try it out. If it helps your anxiety or pain, then you know it works. If it doesn’t seem to be working after 5 days of trying it, then send it back and we will give you a full refund.
But it’s not entirely smooth sailing. The Food and Drug Administration has yet to issue new rules or guidelines regulating the sale of edible CBD products, leading some jurisdictions — including Maine, Ohio and New York City — to force vendors to pull CBD-infused edibles and beverages from shelves. In December, FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb released a statement indicating that CBD products were not legal in edible or supplement form — unless they received FDA approval.
CBD oil contains CBD (and often other active compounds) in a carrier oil. There are a number of forms of CBD oil, including softgel capsules, tinctures, and under-the-tongue sprays. Some forms of CBD oil can also be applied directly to the skin, in the form of products like creams and salves. The concentration of CBD varies from product to product.
The most commonly used form of CBD is CBD oil. Combining CBD extract with a carrier oil like coconut oil, it can be ingested or vaped, bringing a lot of variety. But because marijuana legalization is in such a murky situation with both federal and state laws to grapple with, CBD oil's legality can be hard to parse depending on where you are. Let's start with legality at the federal level.
Many people are under the impression that the only way to acquire hemp extracts and CBD for themselves or a loved one is to move to Colorado or another cannabis-friendly state. Many major news outlets are misinformed and are unfortunately spreading the idea that you can only get CBD oil in the states where medical marijuana has been legalized. This is simply not the case, though. Because our extracts come from hemp instead of marijuana, we can and do ship nationwide, and no medical marijuana card is needed. There are some exceptions, like with South Dakota, where we can’t sell our products due to state legislation.
Mental health is conventionally defined as a hybrid of absence of a mental disorder and presence of well-being. Focus is increasing on preventing mental disorders. Prevention is beginning to appear in mental health strategies, including the 2004 WHO report "Prevention of Mental Disorders", the 2008 EU "Pact for Mental Health" and the 2011 US National Prevention Strategy.[39][40][page needed] Some commentators have argued that a pragmatic and practical approach to mental disorder prevention at work would be to treat it the same way as physical injury prevention.[41]

However, Bonn-Miller told Live Science that he thinks cannabis research is on the upswing. "If we flash forward five years I think you'll see more studies," he said. Those studies could reveal more conditions that CBD may be helpful for and may also reveal that some of the reasons why people say they use CBD oil are not supported by the science but are instead a placebo effect. "And that's why we need to do the studies," he said.  
Psychotherapy is the general term for scientific based treatment of mental health issues based on modern medicine. It includes a number of schools, such as gestalt therapy, psychoanalysis, cognitive behavioral therapy and dialectical behavioral therapy. Group therapy involves any type of therapy that takes place in a setting involving multiple people. It can include psychodynamic groups, activity groups for expressive therapy, support groups (including the Twelve-step program), problem-solving and psychoeducation groups.
Two powerful elements of the healing process—art therapy and family involvement—form the cornerstone of your experience. At each Avera behavioral health clinic or site, you’ll find appealing room décor and artwork that supports a positive therapeutic atmosphere. You also benefit from referral to the most appropriate care—found at 13 locations throughout our extensive multi-state network.
These states are Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska and South Dakota. Now, even though marijuana-derived CBD is legal in these states, the laws are still unclear, so there are still businesses selling CBD, and patients using CBD in these states. We totally believe in the benefits CBD offers and support the CBD movement, but if you are in one of these states, be cautious and careful when considering using CBD products.
Understanding CBD’s analgesic, or pain-relieving, interactions with the ECS can shed light on CBD’s other interactions and effects. Importantly, the ECS participates in our bodies’ pain processing, but when CBD is introduced to our ECS, it stops the body from absorbing a pain-regulating compound known as anandamide — one of our body’s’ own natural cannabinoid molecules. Inhibiting the absorption of this compound shunts excess quantities into the bloodstream that in turn reduces pain. One study has revealed that CBD targets alpha-3 (α3) glycine receptors to suppress chronic pain and inflammation associated with dysfunctional glycine receptors, which are an important target for pain processing in the spine. In both humans and animal models, CBD has been shown to have a variety of anti-inflammatory properties.
Cannabis oil and CBD oil are not the same thing. So what is CBD oil? Cannabidiol (CBD) oil has a high concentration of cannabidiol, while cannabis oil contains both CBD and THC. CBD oil is created by extracting CBD from either the cannabis or hemp plant and then diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil. CBD does not produce a euphoric “high” or psychoactive effect because it doesn’t affect the same receptors as THC.

A 2004 cross-Europe study found that approximately one in four people reported meeting criteria at some point in their life for at least one of the DSM-IV disorders assessed, which included mood disorders (13.9%), anxiety disorders (13.6%) or alcohol disorder (5.2%). Approximately one in ten met criteria within a 12-month period. Women and younger people of either gender showed more cases of disorder.[116] A 2005 review of surveys in 16 European countries found that 27% of adult Europeans are affected by at least one mental disorder in a 12-month period.[117]


According to the case report, it was charted by the girl’s oncologist that the patient “suffers from terminal malignant disease. She has been treated to the limits of available therapy … no further active intervention will be undertaken.” She was then placed in a palliative home care and told to prepare for her disease to overwhelm her body. She was expected to suffer a stroke within the next two months.
Hi Rebecca - Good news - We have tested PrimeMyBody Nano-Enhanced Hemp Oil (24 mg hemp extract, etc.) and the results are shown and compared to other CBD products in our Review at https://www.consumerlab.com/reviews/cbd-oil-hemp-review/cbd-oil/. As you will see, although the product does contain CBD, only part of the 24 mg of extract is CBD. You will also see that there are more cost-effective products in terms of getting CBD. Also see our information about bioavailability of CBD in the "How to Take" section of the Review.
“CBD Hemp Oil“ is different than “Cannabis Oil” and may or may not be different than any given CBD Oil.   “Cannabis oil” is from marijuana and can have higher levels of THC, which is what gets someone high.  “CBD Oil” can be from either Hemp or Marijuana.  We only work with hemp products that are legal everywhere in the United States.  So, there is no issue with getting high or having a product that is restricted where you live.
In an effort to educate the public about industrial hemp-derived CBD, CannaVest, one of the leading suppliers of CBD oil from seed to finished products, has committed to answering your questions about CBD oil. CannaVest and their portfolio companies specialize in providing the health and wellness benefits of products from industrial hemp plant. Their CBD Simple product contains greater than 99% CBD with less than one percent THC and is derived from all-natural hemp-based starting material. Each batch of CBD Simple is tested in-house as well as by third-party labs to conform to purity specifications, ensuring the product is free of pesticides, pathogens, heavy materials, and residual solvent contamination.
CBD can increase blood serum levels of antiepleptic drugs (Gaston, Epilepsia 2017). CBD may increase the blood-thinning effects of warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) likely because CBD competes for the same liver enzymes that break down warfarin and other drugs. This was observed in a man with post-stroke epilepsy taking warfarin: His INR (a measure of how long it takes blood to clot) began increasing several weeks after starting CBD (Epidiolex, Greenwich Biosciences, Inc.) for his seizures. His CBD dosing started with several hundred milligrams daily and increased to over 1,000 mg, at which point his warfarin dose had been reduced by approximately 30% (Grayson, Epilepsy Behav Case Rep 2017).

In the past several years however, public interest in CBD has skyrocketed based on claims — largely unsubstantiated through good clinical research thus far — that it may be a kind of cure-all miracle drug, with therapeutic effects ranging from pain relief to eradicating cancer. In fact, while CBD research has been limited due to federal restrictions, preliminary evidence does suggest that it might help with psychiatric conditions like anxiety disorders (note that while many people claim that CBD is not “psychoactive,” it’s potential as an anxiolytic medication suggests otherwise) and  recent randomized, controlled clinical trials suggest a possible role in the treatment of psychotic disorders.2,3 In 2018, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Epidiolex, a form of CBD manufactured by GW Pharmaceuticals, for the treatment of rare forms of pediatric epilepsy (see my blogpost "Cannabis for Kids: Can Marijuana Treat Childhood Seizures?").

Cannabis Oil* is commonly from the marijuana plant but can vary depending on the manufacturer as Cannabis is also the botanical name of the Industrial Hemp plant. The Cannabis oil from the Marijuana strain is extracted from the Marijuana plant.  It contains high levels of THC and lower levels of CBD Oil.  Cannabis Oil from the Marijuana plant is illegal in most states. It is used for medicinal purposes and as a recreational drug.  It is not regulated in its production. 


This legal ambiguity can cause problems. In April, Shopify, an e-commerce site, dropped Treatibles, a company that sells phytocannabinoid products for pets. Treatibles sent out notices to customers via email and social media, encouraging them to write letters, citing the 2014 Farm Bill as evidence that “phytocannabinoids from hemp are legal to produce and ship across state lines.” (That statement directly contradicts what the DEA told me.)

^ Budhwani, Henna; Hearld, Kristine R.; Milner, Adrienne N.; Charow, Rebecca; McGlaughlin, Elaine M.; Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Mayra; Rosario, Santo; Paulino-Ramirez, Robert (NaN). "Transgender Women's Experiences with Stigma, Trauma, and Attempted Suicide in the Dominican Republic". Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior. 48 (6): 788–796. doi:10.1111/sltb.12400. ISSN 1943-278X. PMID 28950402. Check date values in: |date= (help)
In point of fact, while there is NO third party organic certification system available for marijuana at present, hemp qualifies for organic certification. We extract our CBD rich hemp oil from certified organic Cannabis sativa grown in Europe. Our CBD oil is extracted using supercritical CO2, the cleanest possible processing system. In the US, we are NOT permitted to obtain USDA NOP Organic certification for our product itself, due to our use of CBD rich hemp oil. (This is a decision made by the US government’s organic program, that operates under the umbrella of the USDA, despite the legality of hemp and cannabinoid rich hemp oil.)

Berkeley-Hill, superintendent of the European Hospital (now known as the Central Institute of Psychiatry (CIP), established in 1918), was deeply concerned about the improvement of mental hospitals in those days. The sustained efforts of Berkeley-Hill helped to raise the standard of treatment and care and he also persuaded the government to change the term ‘asylum’ to ‘hospital’ in 1920.[103] Techniques similar to the current token-economy were first started in 1920 and called by the name ‘habit formation chart’ at the CIP, Ranchi. In 1937, the first post of psychiatric social worker was created in the child guidance clinic run by the Dhorabji Tata School of Social Work (established in 1936), It is considered as the first documented evidence of social work practice in Indian mental health field.


Current diagnostic guidelines, namely the DSM and to some extent the ICD, have been criticized as having a fundamentally Euro-American outlook. Opponents argue that even when diagnostic criteria are used across different cultures, it does not mean that the underlying constructs have validity within those cultures, as even reliable application can prove only consistency, not legitimacy.[145] Advocating a more culturally sensitive approach, critics such as Carl Bell and Marcello Maviglia contend that the cultural and ethnic diversity of individuals is often discounted by researchers and service providers.[146]
There are concerns that a handful of less-than-reputable companies are tarnishing the industry as a whole. For years, the FDA has been sending warning letters to companies selling CBD while making unsubstantiated health claims. According to the FDA, one company had claimed on its website, “Scientific research by doctors have shown it (CBD) actually kills cancer cells and provides a protective coating around our brain cells.” 

Cannabis CBD

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