^ Tanielian, Terri; Hansen, Michael L.; Martin, Laurie T.; Grimm, Geoffrey; Ogletree, Cordaye (2016). "CHAPTER FOUR Available Mental Health Support Services and Resources". Supporting the Mental Health Needs of Veterans in the Metro Detroit Area. Supporting the Mental Health Needs of Veterans in the Metro Detroit Area. pp. 41–58. doi:10.7249/j.ctt19w7343.9 (inactive 2019-02-15). JSTOR 10.7249/j.ctt19w7343.9.
The cannabinoids found in plants and cannabis are called phytocannibinoids. Of the 113 cannabinoids, the best known are THC. THC is famous and comes from marijuana. It is well known for it’s psychotropic properties and altered states of consciousness, it has also been credited for it’s interaction with the endocannabinoid system and is effective at treating glaucoma, PTSD and asthma. Hemp is the humble, less-known cousin of marijuana and recently another cannabinoid has been grabbling a lot of attention. CBD, whose psychotropic properties are nearly non-existent and whose benefits on the body is quite impressive. CBD has raised public awareness of both CBD and the medicinal properties of cannabis. The discovery of receptors in the brain that responds to cannabis and the identification of endogenous cannabinoid compounds in our own bodies that bind to these receptors is advancing our understanding of human biology, health and disease.
The definition and classification of mental disorders are key issues for researchers as well as service providers and those who may be diagnosed. For a mental state to classify as a disorder, it generally needs to cause dysfunction.[9] Most international clinical documents use the term mental "disorder", while "illness" is also common. It has been noted that using the term "mental" (i.e., of the mind) is not necessarily meant to imply separateness from brain or body.

Despite public or media opinion, national studies have indicated that severe mental illness does not independently predict future violent behavior, on average, and is not a leading cause of violence in society. There is a statistical association with various factors that do relate to violence (in anyone), such as substance abuse and various personal, social and economic factors.[178] A 2015 review found that in the United States, about 4% of violence is attributable to people diagnosed with mental illness,[179] and a 2014 study found that 7.5% of crimes committed by mentally ill people were directly related to the symptoms of their mental illness.[180] The majority of people with serious mental illness are never violent.[181]
On Apr. 11, 2014, Gov. Steve Beshear signed SB 124 into law, making Kentucky the third state to legalize CBD oil. On Mar. 12, Kentucky's Senate unanimously approved the bill, sponsored by Republican Sen. Julie Denton. On Mar, 26, the House did the same. The new law alows the University of Kentucky and University of Louisville med schools to conduct research into CBD oil and provide it to patients enrolled in the trial program.
Here’s where things can get confusing. With increasing legalization of cannabis and cannabinoids, more and more states have legalized cannabis and its constituents including THC and CBD for either medical or recreational use (several states have specifically legalized CBD products, but not THC or cannabis in general). But the federal government has held firm, keeping marijuana illegal as a Schedule I drug (defined as having no accepted medical use in the US, a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision, and a high potential for abuse) per the Drug Enforcement Agency’s classification of controlled substances.
The next big challenge, provided the new bill passes, will be regulation, which leaders in the industry hope they’ll be able to do themselves. Miller told me they’re setting up a self-regulating organization, like other agriculture commodities have, to set best-practice standards and uniform quality control. “This will give consumers assurance that the product is safe, and it gives law enforcement assurance that the product’s legal,” he said.
Universal prevention (aimed at a population that has no increased risk for developing a mental disorder, such as school programs or mass media campaigns) need very high numbers of people to show effect (sometimes known as the "power" problem). Approaches to overcome this are (1) focus on high-incidence groups (e.g. by targeting groups with high risk factors), (2) use multiple interventions to achieve greater, and thus more statistically valid, effects, (3) use cumulative meta-analyses of many trials, and (4) run very large trials.[97][98]

Pharmaceutical companies producing oils are subject to a pharmaceutical production licence for controlled drugs, issued by government regulators. Currently there are no pharmaceutical companies producing cannabis oil as a medicine. This might change in the future when a standardised, GMP-certified production method becomes available, setting the standards for the production of cannabis oil as a pharmaceutical product. 

Many mainstream psychiatrists are dissatisfied with the new culture-bound diagnoses, although for partly different reasons. Robert Spitzer, a lead architect of the DSM-III, has argued that adding cultural formulations was an attempt to appease cultural critics, and has stated that they lack any scientific rationale or support. Spitzer also posits that the new culture-bound diagnoses are rarely used, maintaining that the standard diagnoses apply regardless of the culture involved. In general, mainstream psychiatric opinion remains that if a diagnostic category is valid, cross-cultural factors are either irrelevant or are significant only to specific symptom presentations.[145]

For those not looking to fully launch a CBD product, Jones believes brands will find success in partnering with companies already operating in the space by helping to create experiential events around those brands and products. With that approach, though, Jones says it’s crucial for brands to vet the players they decide to work with. Some brands may claim to contain CBD when they don’t, while others might suggest their products cure specific ailments like dementia—the FDA recently sent 12 warning letters to companies including DK Vitamins and Blue Ridge Silver—but there’s currently no evidence to back up those claims.


Crazy thing is that there are some stores that are actually selling CBD oil for vapes and ingestion and they are not paying attention that it actually states on the back of the package “contains <3% THC" (which is illegal in WY). But you are correct there are lots of places in WY that throw the book at you for petty little shit and let the harder criminals off with a slap on the wrist. Sucks
Another concern is about medications with which CBD might interact. This won’t be an issue with most drugs, says Sunil Kumar Aggarwal, M.D., Ph.D., a palliative medicine physician and scientist who studies cannabis and integrates it into his Seattle medical practice. The exceptions are blood thinners, IV antibiotics, and other drugs whose exact dosing is crucial and must be monitored closely, he says. (Of course, if you have a health problem, talk to your doctor before using CBD, and never take it instead of seeing your physician for a serious condition.)
Mental health social workers in Japan have professional knowledge of health and welfare and skills essential for person's well-being. Their social work training enables them as a professional to carry out Consultation assistance for mental disabilities and their social reintegration; Consultation regarding the rehabilitation of the victims; Advice and guidance for post-discharge residence and re-employment after hospitalized care, for major life events in regular life, money and self-management and in other relevant matters in order to equip them to adapt in daily life. Social workers provide individual home visits for mentally ill and do welfare services available, with specialized training a range of procedural services are coordinated for home, workplace and school. In an administrative relationship, Psychiatric social workers provides consultation, leadership, conflict management and work direction. Psychiatric social workers who provides assessment and psychosocial interventions function as a clinician, counselor and municipal staff of the health centers.[87]

CBD oil alleviates physical pain and anxiety – both of which can have a negative impact on sleep. Additionally, CBD oil can actually prolong sleep for some, leading to more rest from night to night. Most medical experts agree that marijuana is not particularly beneficial for individuals with medical conditions and/or mental health disorders, as the THC can increase their symptoms; this makes CBD oil a good alternative option for people with the following sleep disorders and medical conditions.


National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in 1998 and 2008 carried out systematic, intensive and critical examinations of mental hospitals in India. This resulted in recognition of the human rights of the persons with mental illness by the NHRC. From the NHRC's report as part of the NMHP, funds were provided for upgrading the facilities of mental hospitals. This is studied to result in positive changes over the past 10 years than in the preceding five decades by the 2008 report of the NHRC and NIMHANS.[106] In 2016 Mental Health Care Bill was passed which ensures and legally entitles access to treatments with coverage from insurance, safeguarding dignity of the afflicted person, improving legal and healthcare access and allows for free medications.[107][108][109] In December 2016, Disabilities Act 1995 was repealed with Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act (RPWD), 2016 from the 2014 Bill which ensures benefits for a wider population with disabilities. The Bill before becoming an Act was pushed for amendments by stakeholders mainly against alarming clauses in the "Equality and Non discrimination" section that diminishes the power of the act and allows establishments to overlook or discriminate against persons with disabilities and against the general lack of directives that requires to ensure the proper implementation of the Act.[110][111]
Preliminary research indicates that cannabidiol may reduce adverse effects of THC, particularly those causing intoxication and sedation, but only at high doses.[22] Safety studies of cannabidiol showed it is well-tolerated, but may cause tiredness, diarrhea, or changes in appetite as common adverse effects.[23] Epidiolex documentation lists sleepiness, insomnia and poor quality sleep, decreased appetite, diarrhea, and fatigue.[2]
^ Stein, Dan J; Phillips, K.A; Bolton, D; Fulford, K.W.M; Sadler, J.Z; Kendler, K.S (November 2010). "What is a Mental/Psychiatric Disorder? From DSM-IV to DSM-V". Psychological Medicine. 40 (11): 1759–65. doi:10.1017/S0033291709992261. ISSN 0033-2917. OCLC 01588231. PMC 3101504. PMID 20624327. ... although this manual provides a classification of mental disorders, it must be admitted that no definition adequately specifies precise boundaries for the concept of ‘mental disorder.’ The concept of mental disorder, like many other concepts in medicine and science, lacks a consistent operational definition that covers all situations. All medical conditions are defined on various levels of abstraction—for example, structural pathology (e.g., ulcerative colitis), symptom presentation (e.g., migraine), deviance from a physiological norm (e.g., hypertension), and etiology (e.g., pneumococcal pneumonia). Mental disorders have also been defined by a variety of concepts (e.g., distress, dyscontrol, disadvantage, disability, inflexibility, irrationality, syndromal pattern, etiology, and statistical deviation). Each is a useful indicator for a mental disorder, but none is equivalent to the concept, and different situations call for different definitions.
CBD products that don't contain THC fall outside the scope of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency's (DEA) Controlled Substances Act, which means CBD products are legal to sell and consume as long as they don't have THC. That's likely one of the reasons why CBD products, including CBD oil, are becoming more socially acceptable and increasingly popular. In 2016, Forbes reported that CBD products are expected to be a $2.2 billion industry by 2020.

The American public is starting to see the light when it comes to CBD as a safe and effective treatment option for a long list of medical problems. While THC and similar oils have been used for their health benefits going back to the dawn of civilization (even before the Great Wall of China was built!), people are just recently rediscovering the profound positive impact these oils can have on treating ailments.

If you’re looking into CBD oil for sale, our NEW high potency full spectrum CBD oil is exactly what your body ordered. This hemp oil comes more dominant and stronger than our regular CBD oil online products and provides even faster relief. This high volume boost of potency is available in 500 mg and 1000 mg of cannabinoids, and you will quickly realize why sometimes less is more. Supply your overall mental and physical health with a CBD upgrade. This CBD oil is the same great quality you have come to expect from Kats Botanicals, but with an extra kick. Our high potency full spectrum hemp oil is made with pesticide free, non-GMO industrial hemp oil, extracted from the mature stalks and stems of the hemp plant.
Despite these points in hemp’s favor, only about 20% of the cannabis users we surveyed use hemp-derived CBD, while slightly more than half use whole-plant CBD products (those with varying ratios of THC). Additionally, 59% of survey respondents said it was highly likely that they would buy or continue to buy marijuana-derived CBD, while only 30% said the same for hemp-derived CBD. The most common reason given for being unlikely to buy hemp-derived CBD is that it is “less effective than whole plant or marijuana-derived CBD.”
There are certainly CBD producers who source their hemp from cultivators that operate under the Farm Bill. But given how widespread these products are, it’s unlikely that all of them were sourced from research hemp. And state laws on CBD and hemp vary widely. Colorado, which legalized adult-use marijuana in 2012, has a robust industrial hemp program and is home to the first U.S.-bred certified hemp seed. But in Massachusetts, where you can now grow marijuana at home, it’s still a crime to grow hemp without a state license, reported The Boston Globe.
In addition to acting on the brain, CBD influences many body processes. That’s due to the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which was discovered in the 1990s, after scientists started investigating why pot produces a high. Although much less well-known than the cardiovascular, reproductive, and respiratory systems, the ECS is critical. “The ECS helps us eat, sleep, relax, forget what we don’t need to remember, and protect our bodies from harm,” Marcu says. There are more ECS receptors in the brain than there are for opioids or serotonin, plus others in the intestines, liver, pancreas, ovaries, bone cells, and elsewhere.

As of 2018, there are a total of 46 states (including the 8 states mentioned above) where CBD is legal with a prescription for medicinal usage. Now although CBD usage is for legal in these states, the law varies from state to state, with 17 states having specific legislation for the THC-levels found in CBD and the conditions being treated with CBD.


In 2014, President Obama signed the Farm Bill of 2014 into law. This law contained a section that removed hemp from Schedule 1 of the Controlled Substances Act. It also created a legal structure that made cultivation and research of hemp legal in states that wanted to initiate “Pilot Research Programs” into the cultivation and marketing of hemp and hemp-derived products.
Cannabinoids can be agonists, inverse agonists or inhibitors. The agonists simply stimulate a bodily function once they adhere to their respective receptors. Inverse agonists associate themselves with the same receptors as agonists, while causing a chemical reaction opposite to the ones caused by agonists. Inhibitors simply stop a chemical reaction or response once bound to their receptors.
People: CBD oil is kind of similar (not 100% similar) to pharmaceuticals in which it can have many different reactions in each person. A pharma drug may be a psychotic, but in some people they use it for sleep, and others it makes them wired. You know the 4-6 pages you get with a pharma drug to tell you all of the potential BAD side effects? Well this is the same for CBD oil but it’s GOOD side effects. No company selling CBD will know how it affects you body. This INDUSTRY is NEW. They have no studies and no research. SO, try different ones and it is YOUR RESPONSIBILITY to do research and TRIAL it. AND the good news is there are VERY FEW bad side effects. We have to say that, even though i have not seen anyone have side effects, start low and increase based on how YOUR BODY reacts to is. AGAIN, it’s a natural plant that has ZERO fatalities as opposed to a pharma drug that has 2-6 pages of potential side effects, and MOST people get a few like weight gain, a rash, getting high (can’t drive), drowziness and then a whole host of life threatening side effects. I’m pretty sure 100% of you have taken a pharma drug without all of the questions you are asking about CBD. Yes, it’s true there is no doctor to direct you, but come on, there are really no bad side effects so do your own due diligence. Anyone who tells you they know what you need in CBD oil is lying.
Still, Blessing notes, amounts below 100 milligrams haven’t even been tested, so it’s not impossible that small amounts may have some effects. As far as anyone knows, heating up CBD doesn’t degrade its effects, and early evidence suggests that taking it along with high-fat food (like a dessert) aids the body’s absorption of the chemical. Beyond that, all anyone has is guesswork. By Chloe didn’t respond to a detailed list of questions about its sourcing and dosing, but I tried a few of the company’s CBD treats anyway. They were all incredibly tasty, and after consuming three cookies in the course of 24 hours, I accidentally fell asleep on my couch at an indeterminate time of the evening and woke up at 4:30 in the morning. Was it the CBD, or was I just tired? Maybe it was a classic placebo effect, in which I expected to be relaxed and became so.
I started taking CBD oil about 4 weeks ago at the recommendation of a young friend of the family. This friend gets if from a dispensary in LA for his grandmother - 90 yo. She is able to walk again. CBD lessens my pain from fibromyalgia and bad arthritis pretty much everywhere in my body. I went to a health food store and bought some capsules first. They worked mildly. But the tincture in dropper form from the dispensary works much better. It does not affect my sleep. I was taking an opiate daily. Now I only need it maybe every 5 days or so. What could be better than than?! 

Let’s take a good look at the claim, which is based upon the underlying premise that hemp acts as phyto-remediator. Well, yes, it does. All cannabis serves exceptionally well for phyto-remedation purposes. This means that cannabis mops up contamination and can be used to clean up all manner of nastiness. It also means that if it’s grown under less-than-pristine conditions, it carries that nastiness with it when it’s harvested. And, it carries that nastiness with it into products made with it. So, clean sourcing is an especially big deal with ALL cannabis.
In the U.S., dietary supplements come with serving size suggestions located on the Supplement Facts label. We tend to encourage a “less is more” mentality when it comes to the amount of oils or capsules our customers consume on a regular basis. (We recommend starting out with 15 drops.) That being said, the serving size of our supplements is a matter of personal preference. We strongly encourage Bluebird customers to experiment with our products and consult with a healthcare professional as needed. This is the best way to identify the amount and frequency of consumption that works best for each individual.

^ Budhwani, Henna; Hearld, Kristine R.; Milner, Adrienne N.; Charow, Rebecca; McGlaughlin, Elaine M.; Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Mayra; Rosario, Santo; Paulino-Ramirez, Robert (NaN). "Transgender Women's Experiences with Stigma, Trauma, and Attempted Suicide in the Dominican Republic". Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior. 48 (6): 788–796. doi:10.1111/sltb.12400. ISSN 1943-278X. PMID 28950402. Check date values in: |date= (help)
In 2015, The Hebrew University of Israel published a study that documented the potency of single-molecule CBD extract versus the potency of whole-plant CBD-rich extract. It found that extract taken from whole plant CBD-rich cannabis is therapeutically superior to single-molecule extract. The scientists behind this study noticed that science had been utilizing pure, single-molecule CBD, which resulted in a bell-shaped dose-response curve. This means that CBD’s efficacy plummets at very high and very low doses.
CBD does not appear to have any psychotropic ("high") effects such as those caused by ∆9-THC in marijuana, but may have anti-anxiety and anti-psychotic effects.[10] As the legal landscape and understanding about the differences in medical cannabinoids unfolds, experts are working to distinguish "medical marijuana" (with varying degrees of psychotropic effects and deficits in executive function) – from "medical CBD therapies” which would commonly present as having a reduced or non-psychoactive side-effect profile.[10][59]

If you live in a state where CBD is legal for your condition, it’s best to buy it from a state-regulated dispensary. But even there, oversight is uneven. “I feel safe being a cannabis consumer in Colorado, since the state tracks everything from seed to sale, but I didn’t the first few years after cannabis became legal,” when the rules were still taking shape, says Robyn Griggs Lawrence, the Boulder author of The Cannabis Kitchen Cookbook, which features recipes for cannabis edibles.
For now, CBD is being infused into face creams, bath bombs, makeup and dozens of pet products. Proponents say it works on everything from headaches to aching joints, relieves anxiety and skin conditions, and relaxes and rejuvenates all parts of the body. It’s even said to soothe hemorrhoids and stop menstrual cramps. A large part of this expanding category is the edibles market, where CBD is being touted as a superfood as it’s infused into products such as honey, salad dressing, baked goods, snacks and a whole host of beverages.

In various parts of the country, in mental health service settings, social workers were employed—in 1956 at a mental hospital in Amritsar, in 1958 at a child guidance clinic of the college of nursing, and in Delhi in 1960 at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences and in 1962 at the Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital. In 1960, the Madras Mental Hospital (Now Institute of Mental Health), employed social workers to bridge the gap between doctors and patients. In 1961 the social work post was created at the NIMHANS. In these settings they took care of the psychosocial aspect of treatment. This had long-term greater impact of social work practice in mental health.[104]
^ Arango, Celso; Díaz-Caneja, Covadonga M; McGorry, Patrick D; Rapoport, Judith; Sommer, Iris E; Vorstman, Jacob A; McDaid, David; Marín, Oscar; Serrano-Drozdowskyj, Elena; Freedman, Robert; Carpenter, William (May 2018). "Preventive strategies for mental health". The Lancet Psychiatry. 0 (7): 591–604. doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(18)30057-9. ISSN 2215-0366. PMID 29773478.
Crazy thing is that there are some stores that are actually selling CBD oil for vapes and ingestion and they are not paying attention that it actually states on the back of the package “contains <3% THC" (which is illegal in WY). But you are correct there are lots of places in WY that throw the book at you for petty little shit and let the harder criminals off with a slap on the wrist. Sucks
In order to remove unwanted elements such as fats or waxes, CBD oil is subjected to a process called ‘Winterization’. Refined cannabidiol oil is stirred with alcohol and deep-frozen overnight.  A Butcher funnel or a piece of paper is then used to filter the fats out. Finally, the extracted oil is heated to the boiling point of alcohol so the alcohol evaporates.
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